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位置:宗富桑苗 > 行业资讯 > 常见问题 > 桑树育种研究进展

桑树育种研究进展

发表时间:2018-06-11 11:16     编辑:宗富桑苗     所属分类:常见问题

  SANGSHUYOULIANGPINZHONGSHIZHONGYAODECANYESHENGCHANZILIAO,SANGYECHANLIANGJIQIPINZHIYUYANGCANSHOUCHENG、JINGJIXIAOYIMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SHIDUOQUCANJIANFENGSHOU、ZENGJIACANYEJINGJIXIAOYIDEWUZHIJICHU,YAOTIGAOSANGYUANDESHENGCHANNENGLI,ZHONGYAODESHIXUANZEYOULIANGPINZHONGZAIPEI。YINCI,SANGSHUYUZHONGLINGYUDEYANJIULILAIWEICANYEJIESUOZHONGSHI。JIN30NIANLAI,WOGUOSANGSHUYUZHONGYANJIUQUDELEZHONGYAODECHENGJIU,GECANQUYIPEIYULEYIDAPIYOULIANGSANGPINZHONG。SUIZHESHENGWUGONGCHENGYANJIUDEFAZHANHEDUOZHONGYUZHONGSHOUDUANDEYINGYONG,SANGSHUYUZHONGJISHUFAZHANXUNSU[1]。XIANJIANGJINNIANLAISANGSHUYUZHONGDEYANJIUGAIKUANGZONGSHURUXIA,BINGDUISANGSHUYUZHONGWEILAIDEYANJIUFAZHANFANGXIANGJINXINGCHUBUTANTAO。

  1 WOGUOSANGSHUYUZHONGYANJIUGAIKUANG

  JIANGUOCHUQI,WOGUOJIYIKAIZHANLEDAGUIMODEDIFANGPINZHONGXUANYUGONGZUO,XIANHOUYUCHENGLEHUSANG32HAO、HUSANG7HAO、HUSANG197HAO、TONGXIANGQING、HUOSANG、ZAOQINGSANG、CANZHUANSIHAODENGSANGSHUPINZHONG,QIZHONGHUSANG32HAO、HUSANG7HAODENGXILIEPINZHONGYOUYUJUYOUCHANLIANGGAO、SHIYINGXINGGUANGDEYOULIANGTEXING,ZAIQUANGUOYU20GESHENGQUDEDAOTUIGUANG,ZHONGZHIMIANJIYUEZHANQUANGUOSANGYUANMIANJIDE40%[2]。CONG20SHIJI80 NIANDAIQI,TONGGUOQUANGUOCANSANGPINZHONGSHENDINGWEIYUANHUISHENDING,NONGYEBUPIZHUNDEXINSANGPINZHONGYOUHONGXINGWUHAO、HUAMINGSANG、NONGSANG14、NONGSANG12、YU711、7707DENG30YUGE,MUQIANWOGUOYOULIANGSANGPINZHONGPUJILVCHAOGUODA80%,JIBENSHIXIANLESANGSHUPINZHONGLIANGZHONGHUA[3-4]。

  1.1 ZAJIAOYUZHONG

  我国学者利用有性杂交育种技术,在对丰产性状遗传规律、杂交亲本选配、授粉技术以及杂交后代选择方法等方面深入研究的基础上,先后育成了育2号、育151号、育711、育721、农桑系列、强桑1号、丰田5号、川981、皖桑1号、皖桑2号[5]等一系列桑树新品种,这些品种都具有产叶量高、抗病性强的特点。利用种间杂交组配特殊性状是杂交育种技术的优势所在;同时,应用杂交桑F1代,可通过有性繁殖进行桑苗繁殖,缩短育苗时间。

  1.2 YOUBIANYUZHONG

澳门AG视讯娱乐   ZAISANGSHUYOUBIANYUZHONGFANGMIAN,SUIZHEDUIYOUBIANJILI、YOUBIANJISHUJIJIANDINGJISHUDESHENRUYANJIU,JIN20NIANLAIYOUGUANRENGONGYOUBIANDECHENGGONGBAODAOJIAODUO。20SHIJI80NIANDAIYIHOU,RENGONGYOUBIANDUOBEITIYUYOUXINGZAJIAOYUZHONGXIANGJIEHE,ZAISANGSHUPINZHONGXUANYUSHANGQUDELETUPOXINGDEJINZHAN,YIYUCHENGLEJIALING16HAO、JIALING25HAO、DAZHONGHUA 、YUESANG3HAODENGSANBEITIPINZHONG,ZHEIXIEPINZHONGBUJINJUYOUGAOCHAN、KANGBINGXINGQIANGDETEZHENG,ERQIEYEZHITEBIEYOULIANG。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   1.3 DUOBEITIYUZHONG

澳门AG视讯娱乐   XUANYUSANBEITI、SIBEITIDENGDUOBEITISANGPINZHONGSHIYIGAILIANGSANGYEPINZHI、TIGAOSANGYECHANLIANGWEIZHUYAOMUBIAODESANGPINZHONGGAILIANGDEZHONGYAOTUJING。YANGJINHOUDENG[6]ZONGJIELEDUOBEITISANGDEXINGZHUANG、RENGONGYOUDAOSIBEITIDEFANGFA,YOULIYUSANGDUOBEITIYUZHONGYANJIUDEJINXING。ERQIEJINNIANLAIWOGUOZAIDUOBEITIZHONGZHIZIYUANYANJIUHEDUOBEITIYUZHONGDENGFANGMIANYEYOUTUPOXINGJINZHAN,CHANGYONGDEFANGFAYOUγSHEXIANCHULI、QIUSHUIXIANJIANCHULIHEJIGUANGCHULI。LIYONGRENGONGYOUDAOFANGFAPEIYUDESIBEITICAILIAOYU100FEN,RENGONGSANBEITISANGPINZHONGJIALING16HAO、DAZHONGHUA、YUESANG2HAO(ZAYOUZUHE)DECHUXIANYEKAICHUANGLEWOGUOSANBEITISANGPINZHONGDEXINJIYUAN[7]。QIEZHEIXIESHENGCHANSHANGGUANGFANYINGYONGDEDUOBEITISANGPINZHONGCAILIAOYIBANDOUGAOCHAN、YOUZHI、KANGNIXINGQIANG,YOULIYUTIGAOSANGYEDECHANLIANGHEZHILIANG。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   1.4 ZUZHIPEIYANGKUAIFANYUZHONG

澳门AG视讯娱乐   ZHIWUZUZHIPEIYANGJISHUWEISANGSHUYOULIANGPINZHONGKUAISUFANZHI、SANGSHUWUDUMIAOFANZHIYIJISANGSHUYICHUANGONGCHENGPINZHONGGAILIANGDENGTIGONGLEJIEJUEFANGFAHEJISHUJICHU[8-9]。SANGSHUZUZHIPEIYANGYANJIUSUIRANQIBUJIAOWAN,DANFAZHANXUNSU,YEQUDELEHENHAODEYANJIUJINZHAN[10-12]。DONGYA、DINGYAHUOYEYAJUNKEZUOWEIPEIYANGCAILIAO,QIEQUJINGJIANBUFEN,JINGCHUDAIPEIYANG、JIDAIZENGZHI、SHENGGENYIZAIDENGYIXILIEGUOCHENGERZAISHENGZHIZHU[13]。SANGSHUZUPEIKUAIFANJISHUDEFAZHANWEISHIGUANMIAODALIANGFANZHI、GONGCHANGHUAYUMIAOHESANGZHONGZHIZIYUANBAOCUNGONGZUODEKAIZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。

  2 SANGSHUYUZHONGFANGFAFAZHANFANGXIANG

  2.1 CHANGGUIZAJIAOYUZHONG

  WOGUOSANGSHUPINZHONGZIYUANFENGFU,TONGGUOYOUZUZHI、YOUJIHUADESANGSHUPINZHONGZIYUANDIAOCHAHETONGJI,MUQIANYIZHENGLICHUWOGUOGELEISANGSHUPINZHONGZIYUANDESHULIANGYUFENBU。KEYILIYONGZIYUANZUOQINBEN,JINXINGZAJIAOYUZHONGXUANYUXINPINZHONG。MUQIAN,CHANGYONGDEYOULIANGPINZHONGDADUOSHITONGGUOCHANGGUIXITONGXUANYUHUOZAJIAOXUANYUERLAIDE。JIANCHIYONGCHANGGUIYUZHONGFANGFAYUXIANDAIKEXUEYUZHONGFANGFAXIANGJIEHEDEFANGSHIKAIZHANSANGSHUYUZHONGGONGZUO,TIGAOSANGSHUYUZHONGXIAOLV。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   2.2 FENZISHENGWUXUEJISHUYUZHONG

  LIYONGFENZISHENGWUXUEJISHUTONGGUODINGXIANGDAORUYOUGUANMUDEJIYINDEFANGFA,YOUMUBIAODIJINXINGGAOCHANYOUZHI、GAOKANGDENGYOULIANGXINGZHUANGDESHAIXUAN,GAIBIANCHUANTONGDEMANGMUZAJIAOYUDALIANGSHAIXUANDEYUZHONGFANGSHI,TIGAOYUZHONGXIAOLV。LIRULIYONGSANGSHUYUANSHENGZHITIPEIYANGHUODEZHIZHU,KEJIANGKANGJUNTAIJIYINDAORUSANGSHUERDEDAOKANGQINGKUBINGDESANGSHUZHIZHU[8];TONGGUOFENZIBIAOJIJISHUFUZHUYUZHONGKEYISHAIXUANGAOCHANJIYIN、KANGNIJIYINHEKANGBINGKANGCHONGJIYIN,CHUANGZAOCHUGAOCHAN、YOUZHI、DUOKANGDEXINPINZHONG[14]。SUIZHEZHONGZUDNAJISHU、WAIYUANJIYINDAORUDENGFENZISHENGWUXUEJISHUZAISANGSHUYUZHONGFANGMIANDESHENRUYINGYONG,SHIDESANGSHUYUZHONGHESANGSHUPINZHONGGAILIANGDEDAOLETUPOXINGDEFAZHAN。

  2.3 XIBAOGONGCHENGYUZHONG

  WOGUOSANGDEYAJIAN、HUAYAOZUZHIPEIYANGYIJIDANBEITIZHIZHUZAOZAI 20SHIJI80 NIANDAIJIUYIPEIYUCHENGGONG,YOUHUAYAO、HUAFENPEIYUCHENGDANBEITI,ZAIJIABEIHOUYUCHENGSANGCHUNXI[11],JINHOUGEXIANGXIBAOGONGCHENGJISHUZAISANGSHUYUZHONGFANGMIANDEGUANGFANYINGYONG,JIANGJINYIBUTUIDONGXIBAOGONGCHENGSANGSHUYUZHONGJISHUDEFAZHAN。YUNYONGXIBAOGONGCHENGYUZHONGJISHUWANSHANSANGSHUYUZHONGGUOCHENGZHONGDERANSETIJIABEIHEYOUHUAHUAPEIJISHU,CONGERTIGAOLVMIAOYOUDAOXIAOLV,CUJINYOULIANGSANGMIAOGUIMOHUAFAZHAN。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   SUIRANCHANGGUIYUZHONGFANGFACUNZAIZHOUQIZHANG、XIAOLVDIDEWENTI,DANCHUANTONGYUZHONGFANGFAZUOWEISANGSHUYUZHONGDEJICHU,YONGYUANWUFABEIQUDAI,YINGCHULIHAOKAIZHANSHENGWUJISHUYANJIUYUCHANGGUIYUZHONGZHIJIANDEGUANXI。SHENGWUJISHUYUZHONGFANGFAYINGYUCHANGGUIYUZHONGFANGFAXIANGHUBUCHONGYINGYONG,JIANGCHANGGUIYUZHONGFANGFAYUZUZHIPEIYANG、FENZISHENGWUXUE、JIYINGONGCHENGYIJIXIBAOGONGCHENGDENGDUOZHONGSHENGWUJISHUXIANGJIEHESHISANGSHUYUZHONGJISHUFAZHANDEZHUYAOFANGXIANG[15]。

  3 SANGSHUPINZHONGFAZHANFANGXIANG

  3.1 GAOCHANDUOKANGPINZHONG

  GAOCHAN、YOUZHI、DUOKANGSHISANGSHUYUZHONGGONGZUODESANDAMUBIAO,XUJIAQIANGDUIZHONGZHIZIYUANDESHENRUPINGJIA,FAJUEYOUZHIGAOCHANKANGBINGZHONGZHI、YOULIANGDUOBEITIZHONGZHI、ZHONGJIANYUZHUANYONGZHONGZHI、YOUZHIKANGYUANDENGTEYIXINGZHONGZHIYIMANZUXUQIU。TONGSHI,WEILEJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,CONGZAISANGGONGZUOFANGMIANKAOLV,YINGGAIXIANGMIZHIHUAZHONGZHI、CAISHOUJIXIEHUA、DUOHUIYUHUADENGFANGXIANGFAZHAN。   3.2 TESHUYONGTUSANGPINZHONG

澳门AG视讯娱乐   SUIZHEWOGUOCANSANGSHENGCHANDEKUAISUFAZHAN,DUISANGZHONGZHICHENGDUOYUANHUAXUQIU,YINGJIJIKAIZHANTESHUYONGTUSANGPINZHONGDEXUANYUGONGZUO,RUSILIAOSANG、GUOSANG、GUANSHANGSANGDENG。TONGGUOYANJIUSANGSHUPINZHONGJIANSANGYEHUOXINGCHENGFENJIZUZHIJIEGOUDECHAYI,YUCHENGSILIAOXIAOLVGAODEXINSANGPINZHONG,SHOUJIPEIYUSHENDUO、ZISHAO、WEIJIADEGUOYONGZHONGZHI。


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