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位置:宗富桑苗 > 行业资讯 > 常见问题 > 桑葚的日常管理方法

桑葚的日常管理方法

发表时间:2019-06-11 16:58     编辑:宗富桑苗     所属分类:常见问题

  桑葚一般多为人工栽培,桑葚大多生长于丘陵、山坡、村旁、田野等处,那大家知道桑葚是怎样进行日常的管理的吗?下面就让小编为大家介绍一下桑葚日常的管理方法吧。
 

  桑葚的日常管理方法

  二、日常管理方法

  1、SHUI

  满足桑树对水分的要求,是增产和改善叶质的重要措施,桑园对水的管理要掌握好两点

澳门AG视讯娱乐   (1)FANGJISHUI。SANGYUANJISHUIHOU,TURANGQUEFAKONGQI,GENXIHUXIKUNNAN,YINGXIANGSANGGENXISHOUYANGFEN,GUANGHECHANWUJIANSHAO,CHUXIANSANGYEWEINIANHUANGLUO,TONGSHICHANSHENGYOUDUWUZHI,SANGGENFULAN。SUOYISANGYUANYAOKAIHAOPAIGUANGOU,JIANGDIDIXIASHUIWEI,FANGZHISANGDIJISHUI。

  (2)ZHANGWOSANGSHUFAYAKAIYEQIHEXIAQIUQIMANZUSANGSHUYONGSHUI。ZHEILIANGGESHIQIDUISHUIXUQIUDA,RUQUESHUI,HUIYINGXIANGSANGSHUDESHENGZHANGHEJIANGDISANGYEZHILIANG,ZHEILIANGGESHIQIKETONGGUOPAIGUANGOUGUANPAOMASHUIMANZUSANGSHUDEYONGSHUIYAOQIU。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   2、SHIFEIFANGFA

澳门AG视讯娱乐   WOMENKEGENJUSHIFEIYUANZE“SHANGSANZAOGONGFEI,ZHONGSHICHUNYAFEI,XIASANZAOFEISHUIJIANSHI”ZAOSANGZAOFEIZUOHAOSHIFEIGONGZUO。ZAI“SHANGSANZAOGONGFEI,ZHONGSHICHUNYAFEI,XIASANZAOFEISHUIJIANSHI”DESHIFEICUOSHIZHONG,YINGZHANGWOHAOSHANGSANZAODESHIFEILIANGYAOZHANZONGLIANGDE70%。JUTIDESHIFEI FANGFARUXIA:

澳门AG视讯娱乐   (1)DONGFEI:DONGFEISHISANGYUANJICHUFEI,ZAISANGSHUXIUMIANSHIQIKAIGOUSHIXIA,ZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIGAILIANGTURANG,TIGAODILI,DONGFEIYIFUSHUDEJIALANFEIHETUZAFEIWEIZHU。

  (2)CHUNFEI:CHUNTIANSANGSHUFAYA,ZHIYESHENGZHANG,XUYAODALIANGDEYANGFEN,YINCI,ZAIXINSHAOZHANGCHU5~10cmSHI,JISHIZHONGSHISUXIAOFEI,MUSHIFUHEFEI200JIN+NIAOSU100JIN+FUFEI50JIN。

  (3)ZAOSANGZAOFEI:2~3ZAOMUSHIFUHEFEI200JIN+NIAOSU50JIN,4~6ZAOMUSHIFUHEFEI200JIN。

  3、SANGYUANZHONGGENGCHUCAO

  桑园澳门AG视讯娱乐中耕除草每年进行春、夏、秋、冬四次,尤其以冬、夏较为重要,一般中耕除草与施肥结合进行,冬耕是来年桑创高产的基础,要求冬耕深度达到15~20cm,春、夏、秋耕深度以5~10cm为宜。

  三、病虫害防治

  CHUNYAMENGFAHOUYONGDIDIWEI、LEGUO、SANGNINGJINXINGYICICHONGHAIFANGZHI,CHUNCANJIESHUHOU,XIACANJIESHUHOU,ZAOQIUCANJIESHUHOUYONGDIDIWEI、LEGUO、SANGNING、DUOJUNLING、JIAJITUOBUJINDENGJINXINGBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。

  GUANYUSANGSHENDERICHANGGUANLIFANGFAXIAOBIANJIUJIDAJIAJIESHAODAOZHEILILE,XIWANGXIAOBIANDEWENZHANGDUIDAJIAGENGHAODEGUANLISANGSHENYOUYIDINGDEBANGZHU。

  HUIDAZHE:ZHENZHEN SHIJIAN:2016/2/291

  1、浇水。定植当年春天,在桑葚苗澳门AG视讯娱乐发芽以后灌一次透水,以后要根据土壤墒情进行灌水。灌水完毕,等到水全部渗下去以后,要覆土掩埋,以防水分蒸发。

  2、SHIFEI。YOUSHUMENGYAHOUHE6YUEFENMEIZHUYOUMIAOGEZHUISHINIAOSU100KEHUOXIBODERENFENNIAO5~10QIANKE,7YUEZHONGXUNYIHOUZHILUOYEQIAN,YEMIANPENSHI0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIA2~3CI。

  3、BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。ZHONGZHIDANGNIAN5YUEZHONGXIAXUN,YONG70%DEJIAJITUOBUJIN1000BEIYEJINXINGPENSHI,YUFANGDUOZHONGBINGHAI,YAOQIUPENSAJUNYUN,YEMIAN、YEBEIDOUYAOPENDAO,BUNENGLOUPEN。PENYAOSHIJIANYIBANWEIZAOCHENHEBANGWAN。RUGUOPENYAOHOU2XIAOSHINEIYUYUZEYINGBUPEN。DI2NIANZAOCHUNFAYAQIAN,PEN200BEIDENGLIANGBOERDUOYE,BAOHUYEPIAN,FANGZHIBINGYUANJUNQINRU。

  4、树型养成。桑葚最好采用中干养成法来修剪树型,具体操作方法为:春季桑苗澳门AG视讯娱乐栽植后,在离地40~50厘米处剪去梢苗,养成主干,发芽后每一主干上留2~3个健壮、位置均匀的新芽使其生长,其余疏去,这样,桑葚在落叶前就会长成2~3根新枝条。第2年春天桑葚发芽前,在离地面65~80厘米处春伐,养成第一支干,发芽后每根支干选留2~3个新梢生长,其余疏去,每株养成4~6根枝条。在确定树干高度及密度以后,平时应结合放枝、回缩、疏枝等技术要领来调整树冠的大小。

  一、抹芽摘心

  2NIANSHENGYISHANGTOUCHANSHU,MOYASHIJIANYIBANZAI3YUEZHONGXIAXUN,MOCHUZHUGANSHANGMENGFADEBUDINGYA、JIEGUOMUZHIJIBUDERUOXIAOYA。DANGZHITIAODINGBUYOU6PIANXINYEZUOYOUSHIZHAIXIN,LIU4ZHAI5。ZHONGXIABUSHENGZHANGHUANMANYIBANBUXUZHAIXIN。ZHAIXINSHIJIANZAI4YUEZHONGXIAXUN,CISHIYOULIYUYINGYANGSHENGZHANGZHUANRUGUOSHISHENGZHANG,ZENGQIANGYANGGUANGZHAOSHE,TIGAOGUOSHIPINZHI。

  二、水肥管理

  CHUNJIMENGYAQISHIGUOSANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOXUSHUIQI,RUGUOZHEISHICHUXIANGANHAN,YOUTIAOJIANYINGJISHIBUCHONGSHUIFEN。SHIHUAQIHEYOUGUOQIBAXINGAOZHIMOJIARUYEMIANFEIFENBIEPENSHIYICI(YEZIZHENGFANLIANGMIANDOUYAOPENSHI,SHUANGZIYEZHIWUDEYEPIANFANMIANXISHOULVSHIZHENGMIANDE5BEI),YIBAOHUSHUTI,CUJINGUOSHIZAOSHU,SHISANGSHENGUODASEYAN,WENCHANZENGCHAN。

  三、及时采收

澳门AG视讯娱乐   YIBANSANGSHENYU5YUESHANGXUNCHENGSHU,DANGSANGSHENGANGGANGYOUHONGBIANHEI(BAISEPINZHONGGUOGENGYOUQINGLVBIANHUANGBAI),QIEJINGYINGMINGLIANGSHIBIAOMINGSANGSHENYICHENGSHU,YINGJISHIYUQINGCHENCAISHOU,ZHUYIQINGNAQINGFANG,BUYAOPENGPOBIAOPI,XIANYONGXIAOSULIAOHEBAOZHUANG,ZAIZHUANGRUZHIXIANG,YIBANMEIXIANGZHONG10-15GONGJIN,JIKEYUNWANGSHICHANGXIAOSHOU。

  四、病虫害防治

  WEIHAIGUOSANGDEHAICHONGZHUYAOYOUSANGMAOCHONG、SANGCHIHUO、LINGWENYECHAN、SANGTIANNIUDENG,BINGHAIZHUYAOYOUHEBANBING、TANJUBING、BAIFENBING、JUNHEBINGDENG。YINGCAIQUZONGHEFANGZHIDEFANGFA:1、MENGYAQIANBAHUSHUJIANGJUNJIARUSHAJUNJIDUIZHITIAOJIQUANYUANJINXINGXIAODU。2、RUOSANGSHENGANRANJUNHEBING,YINGZHAICHUBINGGUO,DAICHUGUOYUANFENSHAOBINGSHENMAI。

  萌芽期管理

澳门AG视讯娱乐   DAOLE3YUEXIAXUN,GUOSANGJIUJINRULECHONGHAIDUOFAQI,ZHEIGESHIHOUJIUSHIGUOSANGDEMENGYAQI。PENSHI80%DIDIWEIRUYOUHUO40%LEGUORUYOU1000BEIXISHIYE,FANGZHIYACHONGDENG。CHUCIZHIWAIHAIYOUSANGTIANNIUWEIHAIZHIGAN,JIUYAOJINXINGRENGONGBUZHUOLE。

  RANHOUJIUSHISHUYA。SHUYAYIBANZAIXINYAZHANGDAO20LIMIZUOYOUDESHIHOUJINXING。ANZHAOMEIGESANGQUANLIU1~2YA,MEIZHULIU10-15GEYADEYAOQIU,BAOLIUJIANZHUANGDEYA,QUDIAORUOXIAODE。

  开花结果期管理

澳门AG视讯娱乐   GUOSANGZAIKAIHUAQIDESHIHOU,YAODUIQIZHUISHIPENGGUOFEI。CHUNJI4YUECHUWEIKAIHUAJIEGUOQI,ZHEIGESHIHOUXUYAOZHUISHIYICIPENGGUOFEI,WEISHIYOUGUOXUNSUPENGDA,MEIMUXUSHIDAN、LIN、JIASANYUANFUHEFEI15~20QIANKE。CIHOU,XUANYONG0.3%LINSUANERQINGJIADENGJINXINGGENWAIYEMIANPENSHI,DUITIGAOSANGGUOHANTANGLIANGHESEZEYOUHAOCHU,GENWAIZHUIFEIZUIHAOZAIBANGWANJINXING。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   CIWAI,ZAIGUOSANGKUAIYAOCHENGSHUDESHIHOU,JIAQIANGQITONGFENGTOUGUANGDU。HAIYAOYUFANGBINGCHONGHAI,YIRENGONGSHENGWUFANGZHIWEIZHU,JINXINGHUAXUEFANGZHIDESHIHOUZUIHAOSHIYONGGAOXIAODIDUDICANLIUDENONGYAO。YINWEINONGYAOCANLIU,DUIRENYEHUICHANSHENGDUHAIZUOYONG。

  GUOSANGYOUZHONGJUNHEBING,JIUSHISUCHENGDEBAIGUOBING。TAWEIHAIGUOSANG,YIJUNHEYUEDONG。QINRANSANGHUA,WEIHAIGUOSHI。WEIHAIRUCIZHIDA,YIDINGYAOYOUFANGZHICUOSHI。XIAMIANJIUJIESHAOYIXIAFANGZHICUOSHI。

  YAOBAOCHISANGYUANWUJISHUI,JIANGDITIANYUANSHIDU。DONGJIYAOJISHIQINGCHUKUZHIBAIYEBINGSHAOHUI。ZHUYIFANGENGCHUCAO,MAIYAJUNHE。DONGMOCHUNCHUJISHIZHENGJIANKUZHIRUOZHI,SHISANGYUANTONGFENGTOUGUANG。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   GUOSANGJUNHEBINGSUCHENGBAIGUOBING,TASHIWEIHAIGUOSANGDEZHUYAOBINGHAIZHIYI,ZHUYAOWEIHAISANGSHEN,YIJUNHEYUEDONG。JUNHESUISANGSHENLUODI,CINIAN4YUESHANGXUNSANGSHUKAIHUASHITUZHONGJUNHECHOUSHENGCHUZINANGPANHEZINANGBAOZI,BAOZISUIFENGCHUANBOQINRANSANGHUA,WEIHAIGUOSHISANGSHEN。RUFANGZHIBUDANG,JIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGSANGSHENDEPINZHIHECHANLIANG。YINCI,BIXUCAIQUZONGHECUOSHI,YANGEFANGZHI。XIAMIAN,WOMENLAILEJIEYIXIAGUOSANGJUNHEBINGDEZONGHEFANGZHIFANGFA。

  农业防治措施:

  KAIGOUJIANGSHI。GUOSANGYUANNEINI,YIDINGYAOBAOCHIWUJISHUI,SHIDUSHIYI。YINCIYAOCAIQUGEZHONGCELVELAIKAIGOUPAISHUIDENG。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   FANGENGQINGYUAN。RUGUOSHIZAIDONGJI,YAOZHUYIJIANGKUZHIBAIYEDUIJIQILAISHAOHUIBINGYONGTURANGYANMAI,DADAOQUCHUJUNHEDEMUDE。

  JIANZHIZENGGUANG。JIANZHIDEZUOYONGDAJIADOUZHIDAO,BUJINZENGJIADEZHIGANJIANDEJIANXI,HAIKEYIRANGGUOSHIZHIJIANYIDANYOUBINGDU,NENGGELIGANRAN。

  化学防治措施:

澳门AG视讯娱乐   YAOQIUJIZAOSHIYAO,FANGZHICHEDI。DIYICIYONGYAOZAI3YUE20RIQIANHOUSANGYAMENGDONGQIANYIXINGQI,YONGGAOMENGSUANJIA2000BEIYEDUISHUTIZHITIAOHEDIMIANQUANMIANPENSHI。DIERCIZAI3YUEDISANGYAGANGMENGDONGSHI,YONG50%DUOJUNLINGKESHIXINGFENJI600BEIYEHUO70%TUOBUJIN1000BEIYEDUISHUTIHEDIMIANQUANMIANPENSA。YIHOUJIAOTISHIYONGDUOJUNLING、TUOBUJIN、SUKELING、BAIJUNQINGDENGKANGJUNJI,JIANGE7~8TIANPENYICI,ZHIDAO5YUE1RIQIANHOU。QIJIANRUYUYINYUTIAN,YEYAOZAIYUTINGZHIGANSHILIJISHIYAO。ZHAIGUOQIAN15TIANTINGZHIPENYAO。FAXIANBINGGUOYINGJISHIZHAICHU,DAICHUYUANWAISHENMAI。

  桑果采收

  YIBANSANGSHENYU5YUESHANGZHONGXUNCHENGSHU,DANGSANGSHENYOUHONGBIANZI,GUOGENGYOUQINGBIANHUANGBAISHIBIAOMINGSANGSHENYIJINGCHENGSHU,YINGJISHIYUQINGCHENCAISHOU,YIFANGFENGCHUITUOLUO,TONGSHIKEYIYANZHANGHUOJIAQI3~5TIAN。SANGGUOFENPICHENGSHUFENPICAIZHAI,SHOUHUOQIYIBANZAI20TIANZUOYOU。

澳门AG视讯娱乐   SANGGUOSUIRANYINGYANGJIAZHIJIAOGAO,DANBUNAICHUZANGHEYUNSHU,YINCIZAICAISHOUSHIZUIHAOYONGSHOUZHAI。CAIZHAISANGGUOQIAN,CAIZHAIRENYUANZUIHAOXIANTAOSHANGYIYONGWUJUNSHOUTAO,RANHOUZAICAI。DUIYUNEIXIEYONGSHOUCAIZHAIBUDAODESANGGUO,KEYIYONGZHENDONGFALAISHOUHUO。YONGSHOUYAODONGGUOSANGDEZHITIAOSHI,YAOZAIDIMIANYONGJIEJINGDESULIAORUANBUHUOBUDANCHENGKAIJIESHOULUOGUO。SHOUHUODESANGGUOBIMIANJIYAHEBAOSHAI,ZHUYIQINGNAQINGFANG,BUYAOPENGPOBIAOPI。JINGGUORENGONGXUANZEFENJIHOU,XIANYONGXIAOSULIAOHEBAOZHUANG,ZAIZHUANGRUZHIXIANG,YIBANMEIXIANGZHONG10~15QIANKE,BAOZHUANGHAOHOUYINGDANGMASHANGYUNWANGSHICHANGXIAOSHOUHUOJINXINGJIAGONGCHULI。


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